Marcus is president of Bell Labs and corporate CTO of Nokia. He joined Bell Labs in 1995, and has held a variety of leadership roles in both research and technology development functions. As CTO he has helped drive the company in new directions, including the the defining of the new programmable ‘Cloud Network’ paradigm that will enable innovation and value creation for Cloud services. Marcus was born and raised in the United Kingdom, receiving a BSc degree in Chemistry and Computer Science from King’s College, London. He emigrated to the United States to obtain a Ph.D. degree in Physical Chemistry from Harvard University, later joining Bell Labs as a postdoctoral researcher in the Physics Department. He has won numerous scientific and engineering society awards for his work on electronics and optical materials before becoming CTO of Alcatel-Lucent.